Naval Battle of Santiago de Cuba
The Naval Battle of Santiago de Cuba took place July 3 of 1898 to the exit of the bay of Santiago from Cuba during The Spanish-American War.
In 1898 United decreed a naval blockade to the island of Cuba without any war declaration.
February 15 1898 exploded in the port of Havana the U.S. battleship "Maine" that it cames to Cuba in an antidiplomatic visit of provocation without notice. The explosion was provoked deliberately by its own manning that were in earth in a party offered by the Spaniards in spite of the naval blockade and insulting behavior of the Americans.
United States accused Spain for the explosion and declared the war with retroactive effects at the beginning of the blockade, sending his troops quickly to Cuba.
The government from Spain decided sends a new fleet of the Armada to Cuba, quite similar to the recently lost one in Philippines, in the disaster of Cavite, with the admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete. The fleet did set sail in April 29.
United States, on the other hand sent two powerful fleets to Cuba.
To their arrival to Cuba, the Spanish fleet was docked in Santiago's port avoiding the combat in open sea against the U.S. fleets. It was a seemingly safe place, because for the enemy was impossible to enter, but this would be very difficult to leave if the U.S. fleet established a blockade.
The U.S. fleet arrived May 19 from 1898 to the port of Santiago de Cuba. The Spanish fleet was blocked in Santiago's port, and refused to leave this security that the port offered.
In the moment that the whole American fleet was in wait, the Spanish fleet decided to leave the bay for orders of the government.
Everything happened in the dawn of July 3, after a disastrous battle in what the Spanish fleet was seriously damaged.
It is necessary to recognize that the Spanish fleet was notably inferior to the U.S. but the Spanish leader was unable to devise a coherent and structured military strategy.